Asia is today home to more than half of humanity. The region is a demographic giant and also an engine for the world economy: it accounts for a third of world GDP.
But this rapid growth leads to rising energy needs and increasing pressure on the natural environment and biodiversity. Asia is today the world’s main source of greenhouse gas emissions, which are responsible for climate change.
The region also faces unprecedented social challenges, related to its exponential urbanization and the poverty of its populations, which remains marked: Asia is home to two-thirds of the world’s poor. There is, in addition, a considerable infrastructure deficit: 1.7 billion people do not have access to sanitation facilities and 680 million to electricity.