0.025 EURO CENT
Sanergy, an American-Kenyan company, has developed toilets similar to the cubicles installed on work sites, using local materials and workers, many of them slum dwellers themselves, to fabricate them. These compact Fresh Life Toilets (FLTs) are equipped with their own waste storage cartridges. They can be installed and used anywhere. To distribute the FLTs, Sanergy franchises them out to local residents – dubbed Fresh Life Operators – who operate them as small businesses on a pay-per-use basis. There are currently over 300 such entrepreneurs.
They themselves set fees based on customer income: from 0.025 to 0.043 euro cent on average (from 3 to 5 shillings). Sanergy also works to get landlords to install hygienic sanitation facilities on their property. While some have raised rents to offset the cost of FLTs, most of them have experienced higher occupancy rates in housing equipped with toilets, with the result that they have no trouble recouping their investment. To guarantee service quality, the proper functioning of FLTs and to stimulate demand, Sanergy provides the Fresh Life Operators with support in obtaining title to property and building permits, which are complex procedures in slum areas. Operators can also get training in basic accounting skills, customer service and so forth. In partnership with Diva, an NGO that encourages Internet users to lend money to local microcredit institutions, Sanergy offers 12- or 24-month zero interest loans for the purchase of toilets for a unit price of $500. Since the programme’s inception in late 2011, 646 toilets have been installed in eight Nairobi informal settlements. They are used over 30,000 times a day and have made it possible to collect and treat 7,500 tonnes of waste to date.